The brand new relevant function during the Syriac ‘s the pael couch potato participle, whoever function was mCaCCaC

(12) In a few NENA languages the newest preterite regarding Classification II verbs have a great vocalism (m)CoCiC- otherwise (m)CuCiC- without any predecessor in the last dialects. Noldeke (1868, 213) ideal that the modern means is related to new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he took it out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Versions which have o otherwise u is actually missing additional NENA as well as have in lot of of the NENA dialects: Hertevin, Sanandaj Religious, and you will Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).

(13) The general introduce is actually designated from the good prefix throughout NENA except Hertevin along with Mandaic plus Turoyo. The prefix takes certainly one of around three forms: (a) k- with the all the verbs (advanced so you can c- within the Urmi, offered to ko- in advance of consonants into the Turoyo, and also in Zakho becoming grams- before a spoken phoneme); (b) k- but only to your a finite group of verbs (with many voicing intake and sometimes other transform too); or (c) i- into the verbs.

Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, private telecommunications); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we carry out say’, however, doqIx-wa-le ‘we would observe it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he eats, have a tendency to eat’, but sate ‘he beverages, usually, will get drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin we-zare:los angeles ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu i-napli baro ‘they chase her’ (Fox 1992, 55).

The fresh new k- prefix is apparently an emergency of the prefix qa- of BT, as in the new ubiquitous qatane ‘he teaches’. age ‘stands’. In some eastern dialects the new shipments from k- might simply for a tiny class of verbs (Garbell 1965, 65). In others, it’s disappeared and you may already been replaced by an alternative prefix i-, and that probably got its start due to the fact a lesser brand of we[Theta] ‘there is’.

Examples: Halabja geznawa ta knista ‘I goes toward this new synagogue’, Aradhin tla t-sapri ‘to wait’, Jilu zIlli l-yawa zuze tla da kIcca ‘I went to bring money so you can a girl’, Tisqopa [Theta]e:li ta di-mbaslan ‘I (fem

(14) New verb ‘give’ was yehav into the BT, and you may yav into the Syriac. It’s been remade in every NENA languages through the incorporation of adopting the l- ‘to’. New crucial, that was hav for the Syriac and you can BT, are hal (Noldeke 1868, 256) throughout NENA which I have information, although not in the Turoyo or Mandaic.

(15) In all NENA, the new one imperative of qyama ‘get up’ has shed its latest m: Aradhin qu (Krotkoff 1982, 145), Sanandaj Christian qu (Panoussi, 110). The latest plural, not, holds new meters.

(16) In every NENA, new crucial out-of (i)zala ‘go’ is actually abnormal: Aradhin au moment ou (Krotkoff 1982, 147), Sanandaj Christian say (Panoussi 119), Jilu se, Jewish Azerbaijani au moment ou (Garbell 1965, 285).

(17) Around the NENA, a number of different conditions can be used just like the legs getting reflexive pronouns particularly ‘myself’. They are: ruh- for the Hertevin plus Turoyo, nos- on three easternmost Jewish dialects, and gyan- on kept languages: Hertevin ruhan ‘ourselves’ (Jastrow 1988, 197), Zakho qtala gyane ‘beating himself’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1982, 181), Halabja nosan ‘ourselves’.

This qa- try in itself an excellent contraction away from qa?

(18) An alternative preposition meaning ‘to’ otherwise ‘for’ which takes the design ta, tla, or tla are prevalent, though maybe not common, inside NENA, although not used in Mandaic otherwise Turoyo. ) found cook’ (Rubba, individual communications), Zakho cuxa la psIxle darga story ‘no that unwrapped the entranceway in order to him’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182).